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Flies Gnats Infested Treatment Control

Mike's Pest Control Library

The most common observed stage of a fly is the winged adult. The adult fly mates, lays eggs in a breeding medium that will provide sufficient food for the immature stage - a pale, legless maggot. The breeding site is nearly always moist and surrounds the soft-bodied maggots. When maggots are full grown, they stop feeding and usually wander from the breeding site in search of a place to pupate. After pupation, they emerge as an adult fly. In warm weather, flies complete their development (egg-larva-pupa-adult) in an incredibly short period, 7-14 days, and produce numerous generations during a typical season.

House Fly

House Fly

Each female fly can lay approximately 500 eggs in several batches of about 75 to 150. The eggs are white and are about 1.2 mm in length. Within a day, larvae (maggots) hatch from the eggs; they live and feed in (usually dead and decaying) organic material, such as garbage or feces. They are pale white, 3-9 mm long, thinner at the mouth end, and have no legs. At the end of their third instar, the maggots crawl to a dry cool place and transform into pupae, colored reddish or brown and about 8 mm long. The adult flies then emerge from the pupae. The adults live from two weeks to a month. After having emerged from the pupae, the flies cease to grow; small flies are not young flies, but are indeed the result of getting insufficient food during the larval stage.

Houseflies can take in only liquid foods. They spit out saliva on solid foods to predigest it, and then suck it back in. They also regurgitate partly digested matter and pass it again to the abdomen.

These flies can walk on vertical planes, and can even hang upside-down from ceilings. This is accomplished with the surface tension of liquids secreted by glands near their feet.

Blow Fly

Blow Fly

Blowflies are about the same size as the housefly, and look very similar. They are usually metallic blue or green, and therefore they are also called bluebottle or greenbottle flies.

The eggs are laid on the material that serves as food for the larvae, e.g., decaying flesh and other organic matter. Blowflies are often carriers of disease, such as dysentery. The larvae of certain species of blowfly, raised under germ-free conditions and known as surgical, or medicinal, maggots, are used to consume dead and dying tissue and thus promote healing.

Stable Fly

Stable Fly

Stable flies bite livestock, domestic animals and man, but unlike horn flies remain on their hosts only when attempting to feed. Adults average about 8 mm long and are about the size of a large housefly. They are gray in colour with 4 dark stripes on the thorax and several dark spots on the top of the abdomen.

Stable flies are common around confined animal rearing facilities, but can also be pests in open pastures. Both sexes feed on the blood of livestock and man, and inflict painful bites. Adults actively feed during sunny days and generally feed on the lower parts of animals. After feeding, they rest in the shade of posts or trees, and on the sides of buildings.

Phorid Fly

Phorid Fly

Phorid flies are small flies resembling fruit flies. They are about 1/8 inch in length. They can often be identified by their escape habit of running rapidly across a surface rather than taking to the wing. This behavior is a source of one of their alternate names: the scuttle fly.

Phorid flies are common in homes and commercial facilities where food is prepared and served, but they are also a key pest in mausoleums, food warehouses, and hospitals. Because these flies frequent unsanitary conditions, they are a potential health concern when they occur in food facilities and hospitals. They are also known as the humpbacked fly.

Fruit Fly

Fruit  Fly

Fruit flies are often brought into a home or business via fresh fruit and vegetables, or merely fly in through a screen or any tiny opening. Once the fruit fly is established they are annoying, as well as a carrier of disease in some cases, and a pain to get rid of.

The adult fly is about an eighth of an inch long including wings with red eyes and tan colored abdomen and thorax. They are attracted mostly to fresh and fermenting fruits and vegetables.

These flies are attracted to light and become sexually active two days after they emerge from the pupae stage. They mate more than once and deposit an egg mass of about 500 eggs on or near a food source.

Drain Fly

Drain Fly

Drain flies are about 1/8 inch long and are black or brown. They are also called moth flies, sewer flies or filter flies. They have bodies and wings covered with numerous hairs. If crushed they leave a powdery smudge.

Although drain flies are commonly found around drains, but they should not be confused with the Fruit fly or Phorid fly, which can also infest drains.

Fungus Gnat

Fungus Gnat

Adult fungus gnats are small (1/8 inch long), fragile grayish to black flies with long, slender legs and thread-like antennae. Their wings are clear or smokey-colored. Larvae are clear to creamy-white and can grow to about 1/4 inch long.

Fungus gnats develop through complete metamorphosis: egg - larva - pupa - and - adult. Development occurs in 2 to 4 weeks. Larvae feed primarily on fungi, decaying organic matter and plant roots, particularly in very moist environments. Larval and pupal stages can also, however, survive periods of drought.


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